Weeks 2 and 3 have been completely focused on research. I was tasked at looking at child poverty in New Zealand. What will follow is a research dump of quotes that will be used for statements and competition entries. My team is doing a compare and contrast of research, in which we will have a nicely written document of all our relevant findings.

I will be adding to the dump as I come across more useful bits of info.

Before I proceed, I also entered Doodle Dolls into the Innovation Awards. I feel that the information I provided was not to the standards as they will be wanting, as it is still early days and our concept is still being solidified. But I thought why not try and see what happens?

RESEARCH DUMP:

Child Poverty In New Zealand

Feek (2017):

“The Child Poverty Action Group (CPag) and the New Zealand Psychological Society (NZPsS)… released their report, Child Poverty and Mental Health: A Literature Review…”

“Child poverty, including low family incomes and poor housing, can lead to serious and prolonged mental illness in children”

“Prevention is the key; which can be aided by policies that support better incomes…”

“we know that poverty rates experienced during the early years of a child’s life is detrimental to their later mental health”

“The report states that poverty rates were consistently higher for younger children aged 0-11 years, compared to children 12-17 years”

“A total of 295,000 or more than one in 4 children aged 0-17 years were living in relative income poverty.”

“An average of 63 per cent of children in poverty live in beneficiary households and 37 per cent live in homes where one or more adults are in paid employment”

“Sole-parent families were more likely to have children in poverty…”

“NZPsS president Quentin Abraham said if society wanted to improve the mental health of children, poverty must end.”

“All young people should have their basic needs taken care of.”

Fyers (2017):

“The wellbeing of New Zealand’s children places us 34th out of 41 developed countries, according to a report… by Unicef…”

“NZ has the worst teen suicide rate of the developed world, with 16 suicides per 100,000 in 2016”.

Child poverty rates are increasing at a rapid rate. As Roy (2016) states, “one-third of the country’s children, or 300,000, now live below the poverty line – 45,000 more than a year ago”.

Stuff (2016):

“New Zealand has a goal to halve poverty by 2030”

“New Zealand child poverty has hit a “crisis” point according to Auckland City Mission CEO Chris Farrelly and we “need to take action”

“…90,000 kids are living in severe poverty”

Peters & Tina (2014): “The impact of neo-liberal policies and the impacts of the 2008/ 9 global economic crisis on child poverty has been devastating (Minujin & Nandy, 2012).”

“with almost half the world’s population living on less then $2.50 per day, and 80% living on less than $10 per day.”

“However, the alarming trend is that child poverty levels in advanced economies have also increased markedly with clear consequences for the health and cognitive development of children, the huge social costs associated with long-term unemployment and poverty, the effects on educational achievement and the prospects of future citizenship “(p.495)

“… long term or recurrent poverty… can have serious and permanent effects on a child as it influences their physical, emotional and social development. The causes of long term poverty can be various—long term illness or disability, sole parenting, poor workforce skills may prevent parents from earning an adequate income. But whatever the causes, one thing is certain—the child is not responsible for the poverty which is damaging their life. That’s why eliminating that poverty is a social responsibility rather than just a parental responsibility.”

“New Zealand has substantial rates of child poverty and material deprivation. These rates significantly exceed those of many other developed countries and, at least on some measures, are much worse than three decades ago. The evidence suggests that child poverty, especially when experienced in early childhood and/or when persistent and severe, can be very damaging —both to the children directly affected and society as a whole. Amongst other things, child poverty contributes to the large educational achievement gaps between children from lower and higher SES backgrounds. For such reasons, there is a powerful case for reducing child poverty. I have argued that decision-makers have the available policy tools to alleviate child poverty and mitigate its effects–at least to some extent. The issue, in other words, is not the means, but the political will.”

“At least 1000 Auckland children are ‘lost’ to the education system with 70 per cent of youth offenders not engaged with school at all, a new report reveals. Poverty is so bad some children are growing up sharing small homes with other families—one family to a room.”

“Children living in poverty have a higher number of absenteeism or leave school all together because they are more likely to have to work or care for family members. Dropout rates of 16- to 24-year-old students who come from low income families are seven times more likely to drop out than those from families with higher incomes. A higher percentage of young adults (31 percent) without a high school diploma live in poverty, compared to the 24 percent of young people who finished high school.”

“Poverty affects a child’s development and educational outcomes beginning in the earliest years of life, both directly and indirectly through mediated, moderated, and transactional processes. School readiness, or the child’s ability to use and profit from school, has been recognized as playing a unique role in escape from poverty in the United States and increasingly in developing countries. It is a critical element but needs to be supported by many other components of a poverty-alleviation strategy, such as improved opportunity structures and empowerment of families.”

 

REFERENCES:

Feek, B. (2017). Combating child poverty will help beat child mental health issues. Retrieved from http://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=11858188

Fyers, A. (2017). Unicef report: New Zealand 34th out of 41 developed countries for child wellbeing. Retrieved from https://www.stuff.co.nz/national/93583589/Unicef-report-New-Zealand-34th-out-of-41-developed-countries-for-child-wellbeing

Peters, M. A., & Besley, T. A. (2014). Children in crisis: child poverty and abuse in New Zealand. Educational Philosophy and Theory46(9), 945-961. doi:10.1080/00131857.2014.935280

Roy, E. A. (2016). New Zealand’s most shameful secret: ‘we have normalised child poverty’. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/aug/16/new-zealands-most-shameful-secret-we-have-normalised-child-poverty

Stuff. (2016). ‘Significant, enduring’ child poverty in New Zealand according to child poverty monitor. Retrieved from http://www.stuff.co.nz/national/87405746/significant-enduring-child-poverty-in-new-zealand-according-to-child-poverty-monitor